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Tourism in Saudi Arabia

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is the second largest Arab country in terms of area after Algeria and a leading tourist destination in the world in terms of religious tourism, as it hosts the pilgrimage rituals once a year and millions of pilgrims stay there every year.

Tourism in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is one of the fastest growing sectors, which has grown and developed a great interest in recent years, and as part of the National Vision 2030, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia decided to invest in and purchase the tourism sector, one of the most important pillars on which the vision is based. to the global tourism industry.

Saudi Arabia is the largest country in the Middle East and is located in southwest Asia. It covers an area of ​​about two million square kilometers, and constitutes the largest part of the Arabian Peninsula.

It is bordered by Iraq and Jordan to the north, Kuwait to the northeast, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates to the east, Bahrain which is connected to Saudi Arabia by the King Fahd Causeway in the Arabian Peninsula, and it is bordered to the south by Yemen.

Arabic is the only official language and the population speaks Arabic in more than 20 local dialects, but the standard language is used in media, education, and official and governmental transactions.

culture and history

Saudi Arabia is considered diverse in terrain because of its vast area in which the lands of the Arabian Peninsula are formed. There are other terrains where there are hills, valleys, sand dunes, plateaus and plains along the coast of the Red Sea. 9,000 ft in the south and gradually decreases to 3,000 ft in the north. Several valleys descend from it in the east and west. From the east, this chain follows the Najd plateau and its heights, which extend in the east to the Al-Dahna and Al-Samman deserts, and from the south an area interspersed with Wadi Al-Dawasir and the Al-Dawasir desert. The Empty Quarter borders. There are also high-altitude mountains such as Jabal Al-Areedh, Waja, Tuwaiq and Salmi. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has three sea fronts with a total length of about 3400 km, one on the Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea and the other on the Arabian Gulf. It is bordered on the west by the Gulf of Aqaba and on the north by Jordan.

And the Arabian Gulf with two maritime fronts, one in the north starting from the border with Kuwait to the border with Qatar on Salwa Doha, with a coastline of about 1,000 km in length, and the other in the south starting from the border with the State of Qatar.

The climate of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has been affected by several natural factors, the most important of which is the astronomical location. The Kingdom is located in the arid tropical desert region in the west of the continents, then in and within the region of high tropical pressure in winter. Affecting hot pressure and low pressure area in southern Asia causing dry continental winds in winter and dry continental winds in summer as well. As a result, the Kingdom’s climate is characterized by dryness and high temperatures throughout the year, especially in the summer.

Tourist attractions in Saudi Arabia

Many ancient civilizations from the pre-Islamic period live on Saudi lands. Al-Shuwaihiya site in Al-Jawf region consists of a Paleolithic settlement. The site of Bir Hama in the Najran region contains various rock inscriptions dating back to between 7000 BC ) North of Al-Ula Governorate. BC, and its most famous landmarks are the Diwan of Jabal Athleb, Qasr al-Sanea, Qasr al-Farid and Qasr al-Bint in the Tabuk region. The Al-Bidaa region was famous for the Shuaib cities, which in the second millennium BC took the name of Ramses III, one of the pharaohs of the Egyptian Twentieth Dynasty (1183-1152 BC). The Aramaic obelisk known as “Tima Stone” was also found in it, and it dates back to the time of the Babylonian king Nebu-Ned (555-539 BC), and the inscriptions on it indicate that a priest named “Sun Ibn Bat or Zer” performed an idol worship called “Fesh-Hajj”. ” in the city.

In the northwestern desert of the Empty Quarter is the village of Al-Faw, the capital of the Kingdom of Kinda, where a palace, a market, fountains, inscriptions, inscriptions and frescoes were found. Several tombs were discovered near Safwa in the eastern region known as the “Gawan Burials” and include four tombs and some antiquities from the second century AD. Najran also includes its old city, which is surrounded by a wall, 235 meters long and 220 meters wide. The settlement began in 600 BC and they were mentioned in the Qur’an as “the owners of the groove.”

There are also four sites that were added to the World Heritage List after the approval of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), starting with the inclusion of the Mada’in Saleh site in the list in 1429 AH, then the old Diriyah area was added in 1431/2010 AH, and the historical Jeddah district was recorded in 1435/2014 AH. In the year 1436/2015 AH, the rock art of Al-Bared region was included on the World Heritage List

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